The need of the hour is a cluster based approach. Clusters are defined as a sectoral and geographical concentration of micro, small and medium enterprises with inter-connected production system leading to firm/unit level specialisation and developing local suppliers of material inputs and human resources. Availability of the local market, inter-mediaries for the produce of the cluster is also a general characteristics of the cluster.
As a whole, cluster facilitates to face market challenges, quicker dissemination of information, sharing of knowledge and best practices and better cost effectiveness due to distribution of common costs. It also provides an effective and dynamic path for inducing competitiveness by ensuring inter-firm cooperation through networking and trust.
The geographic proximity of the enterprises with similarity of products, interventions can be made for a large number of units that leads to higher gains at a lower cost, which in turn helps in their sustainability. The cluster approach thus aims at a holistic development covering areas like infrastructure, common facility, testing, technology & skill upgradation, marketing, export promotion.